Bitter Chocolate Stories is a collaboration between Joana Choumali, Marijn Heemskerk, Madame Bernadette Ouédraogo, GRADE-FRB, Paradox and Tony’s Chocolonely, which also funded the project.

Joana Choumali Joana Choumali (1974) is a visual artist/photographer based in Abidjan, the Ivory Coast. She works on conceptual portraits, mixed media and documentary photography. Much of her work focuses on Africa and what she, as an African, learns about the innumerable cultures around her. Her book HAABRE was published in Johannesburg in 2016.

Marijn Heemskerk Marijn Heemskerk (1980) is a lawyer turned freelance journalist. She lives and works in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. As a lawyer, she investigated human trafficking, or modern day slavery, and continues to do so as a journalist. In 2016, she won the Sex and Media Prize awarded by the Dutch Scientific Association for Sexology for her article ‘Sex worker is not yet a normal profession, and that’s probably a good thing’, which she wrote for De Correspondent.

Madame Bernadette Ouédraogo Madame Bernadette Ouédraogo, born in Antananarivo, Madagascar, is president of the Groupe de Recherche - Action pour le Développement Endogène de la Femme Rurale du Burkina Faso (GRADE-FRB). In 1984-1985 she represented Burkina Faso at an agricultural conference in Christchurch, New Zealand. With support from the Chocolonely Foundation, GRADE-FRB opened a new shelter and training centre in 2016.

Paradox Paradox is a not-for-profit organisation founded in 1993 by Bas Vroege. It is issue-driven, developing projects around contemporary issues with documentary authors. The recording of history as it is unfolding, and the interaction between social, economic and technical factors, with the changes in society which flow from these changes, are recurring aspects in Paradox’s thematic and monographic projects.

Tony’s Chocolonely’s Tony’s Chocolonely’s mission is to end slavery in the chocolate industry. The Amsterdam-based social enterprise was founded in 2005 by Dutch journalists after they discovered that the world’s largest chocolate companies were buying cocoa from plantations where child labour may be used. Through its products, Tony’s Chocolonely aims to encourage the chocolate industry, consumers and politicians to make 100% slave-free chocolate the norm.